ROCK
MECHANICS
ROTOMAP
 Threedimensional analysis of rockfalls  determination of the
path of falling boulders  frequency distiribution contour lines
of the stop points of the rock blocks  energy distribution in
relation to the mean and maximum kinetic energy  planimetric
graphical restitution and insection restitution of resulting
data  optimisation of protective systems.
ROCK3D
 Analysis of rock slope faces with the Key Block Theory  recognition
of the main discontinuity sets through hierarchical and nonhierarchical
clustering  analysis of real discontinuities, based on their
length and position on the slope face  identification of complex
removable blocks based on the selected kinematic mode  determination
of the volume of the rock blocks and of the safety factor of each
identified block  design of the rock bolting that is necessary
to reach a required safety factor.
CLU_STAR
 Structural geology data collection  identification of the discontinuity
sets through hierarchical and nonhierarchical clustering  calculation
of the tensor of permeability  determination of the safety factor
of removable rock wedges: seismic conditions, water pressure,
tension cracks, external overloads and bolt forces are taken in
account.
ACCECALC
 Evaluation of the displacement of rock boulders subjected to
dynamic forces, on the basis of a given accelerogram  determination,
through pseudostatic analysis, of the acceleration that is necessary
to bring the slope to limit equilibrium conditions  evaluation
of the velocity and displacements in the direction of the sliding
for each point of the considered accelerogram and calculation
of the total displacement at the end of the seismic event in order
to evaluate the stability of the slope under examination.
CLASROCK
 Classification of rock masses with the Bieniawski (RMR index)
and Barton (Q index) methods  the results of the calculation
are presented as a list that can be viewed and directly printed
by the program or imported into any word processor.
SOIL
MECHANICS
I.L.A.
 Verification of the stability of slopes in granular soils 
calculations under normal and seismic conditions  analysis of
sliding surfaces with arbitrary shape or families of plane or
circular sliding surfaces  analysis in the presence of water,
in terms of total or effective stresses  possibility of dealing
with heterogeneous stratified terrains  verification of the interaction
between the slope and the restraint systems.
CE.CA.P.
 Foundation analysis and design  bearing capacity of shallow
foundations with different shapes  comparison of the most used
calculation methods  homogeneous and stratified soils  bearing
capacity of deep foundations: micropiles, small and large diameter
piles  immediate and long term settlement in homogeneous or stratified
terrain for single and for multiple shallow foundations  differential
settlement  verification under seismic conditions and in the
presence of water.
DIADIM
 Design and verification of sheetpiles and bulkheads  several
levels of anchoring can be defined under different load conditions
 iterative calculation for correct evaluation of successive excavation
phases  the structure is calculated as a flexible beam on elastoplastic
supports with different constraints at the extremities  structural
analysis of different sections (continuous diaphragms, beam bulkheads,
armoured piles, sheetpiles) is performed through the determination
of the moment and vertical stress, determined in the section under
the highest stress, with a method based on the limitstate concept
used in conjunction with the partial safety factor method (Eurocode
2).
INSITU
 Interpretation of static and dynamic geotechnical in situ tests
according to the most commonly adopted methods  STP tests: relative
density, friction angle, effective and total vertical stress,
constrained modulus, Young's modulus, cone resistance, shear modulus,
cyclic modulus of deformation, upper limit allowed for the subsidence/load
ratio.  CPT tests: friction angle, drained compressibility and
relative density, undrained shear strenght, compressibility, sensitivity
and overconsolidation  DP tests: all the information for the
SPT tests is supplied  the program can be adapted to any measuring
apparatus through correlation coefficients.
VERCAM
 Verification and design of retaining walls  gravity, semigravity
and cantilever retaining walls  evaluation of the safety factor
under normal and seismic conditions  validation of the concrete
design and dimensioning of the reinforcement through the calculation
of the bending moment of the foundation and of the footing pressure.
LIQUITER
 Determination of the safety factor for the liquefaction of saturated
coehsionless soils subjected to seismic tremors  the evaluation
of soil resistance to cyclic shear forces is determined through
the correlation between the resistance to liquefaction and the
number of blows of the STP test  it is also possible to consider
the presence of overloads and the water table effect  the resistance
to liquefaction factor is calculated as the ratio between of the
shear force that induces liquefaction and the maximum shear force
induced by the seismic waves.
HYDROGEOLOGY
INQUIMAP
 Aquifer models using finite differences or superposition of
effects  unconfined, semiconfined and confined aquifers with
transitory flow rates  horizontal anisotropy of permeability
 reconstruction of the undisturbed aquifer  analysis for the
designing of the wells, catchment basins, barriers  determination
of flow isochrons  concentration of contamination using numerical
analysis during stationary or transitory flows.
HAPPIE
 Definition and evaluation of areas at risk from contamination
around a waste disposal site  the territorial impact in the presence
of several wells  determination is performed on the basis of
parameters that are easily determined using an extension of the
Legrand method  graphic presentation of the form, dimension and
risk level of every zone.
WELL
 Analysis and interpretation of pump tests  calculation of the
main hydrogeological parameters  unconfined, confined and semiconfined
aquifers  constant discharge pumping tests, variable step drawdown,
and constant head  stationary or transitory conditions  single
well or with one or several observation wells  analytical calculation
methods or automatic interpretation of tables.
SID
 Calculation of hydraulic sections with any geometrical or hydraulic
properties  determination, for the given section, of the trend
of the velocity and height values reached by the water  calculation
of a diagram of the flow in relation to the height, with an indication
of the height reached by the flow, as required by the design.
W.Q.E.
 Evaluation of water quantities for human use in accordance with
the parameters defined by the European Union directive number
80/778  the index of the water quality is evaluated through a
userdefined system of points  for each parameter required, guide
points are given as well as maximum admissible values, measurement
units and the comments as contained in the directive.
GEOLOGY
ISOMAP
 Construction of map surfaces for geological sciences  contour
lines  perspective views  the calculation methods are: inverse
distance weighting, kriging, extrapolation of the surface with
the recognition of the regional polynomial trend trough the elimination
of closures of the contour lines  vectors and flow lines  digital
filtering for geophysical techniques.
DBSOND
 Archiving of geological/geotechnical data and the results of
in situ tests  data are represented as stratigraphies  ample
choice of descriptive columns  flexibility in the choice and
position of the columns  most geological textures are available
with the option of adding and personalising them  graphical restitution
of sections with height profils  stratigraphical columns can
be inserted into the sections.
GEOPHYSICS
ELETOM
 Tomographic reconstruction of a vertical soil section through
the deployment of an array with a maximum of 64 electrodes  full
inversion using a Finite Elements Method (Sasaki, 1994)  high
resolution results  the classical pseudosections method is also
available  works with dipoledipole, poledipole, Wenner and
Schlumberger measurement system.
USER
INTERFACE


All
the programs, developed entirely by our company, are extremely
simple and easy to use and sport the same interface in order
to minimise the time necessary to use them proficiently.


All
the commands are contained within the menus on the menu bar
at the top of the window and can either be selected with the
mouse or with the shortcut keys.
The layout of the menus, according to an ergonomical design,
follows the logical order of operations preventing access to
the following commands until all the required data have been
supplied. 
The
programs use practical and efficient input windows that give
immediate information on the data fields and automatically validate
the entered values. 

A
first type of input window allows entering tables of numerical
or alphanumerical values. The automatic validation procedure
performs a check to immediately intercept range or typing errors
in the entered data. 
The
data entered in the tables can be copied into other tables
using "cut and paste" options.


Other
windows allow entering single numerical, alphanumerical or
multiplechoice values. Those windows also perform the automatic
validation of the entered data.


Regardless
of the type of field, the introduction of inadequate values
activates warning messages. 
The introduction of data such as geomechanical parameters
can be performed through an interactive graphic interface.


Working with the mouse directly on the screen, it is so possible
to assign different sets of values to the selected areas.

Every
program offers online help for each window or data field.


The
yellow box in the input windows shows a detailed description
of each required input. 
Particular
attention has been paid to the handling of printing devices.
The graphic output is produced using vectorial procedures
that maintain the highest quality both in the direct prints
and in the exported files.


Every
program has a print preview window, whose tool bar allows zooming
onto the details of the drawing and panning of the whole image
to check the grafics before output.

Graphics can be exported to EMF, a vectorial format that allows
pasting the images into programs like Microsoft Word or Corel
Draw maintaining the same high quality of the direct printouts;
the DXF format is also available to to transfer the drawings
into CAD programs.
Colour, font and line thickness of each detail of the graphic
output can be individually configured.
The output listings can be previewed or directly printed,
and can be exported to Microsoft Word, Excel or NorePad.

